Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis also known ask DKA is a complication of diabetes where there is a buildup of acid in the blood when cells in the body uses fat as fuel due to inadequate or ineffective insulin production or sensitivity.

Signs and Symptoms

Assessment Findings

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fruity-scented breath
  • Confusion


  • Anion Gap (H) > 12
  • Carbon Dioxide (L) < 18
  • Metabolic Acidosis ABG